guizhou,minority,journal,hmong,chiyou,miao
Population and Ethnic Groups
   Apart from the Han people, there are many other minority groups living in Guizhou. Different ethnic groups account for 36.77% of the province's total population of 37.5 million. Guizhou is home to 49 minority peoples, 17 of which view the province as their cultural home. There are 10 minority groups whose population is more than 100,000. These are the Miao, Buyi, Dong, Tujia, Yi , Gelao, Shui and Bai nationalities. Compared with other places, Guizhou has the biggest population of Buyi, Shui and Qilao nationalities. It also has the biggest population of Miao and Dong nationalities. In total, Guizhou has the country's third biggest population of minority groups.
Guizhou Opera is a main local opera of Guizhou Province.It is a new type of drama based on Guizhou dulcimer, a local folk art form that prevailed in Guizhou.In July of 1950,while the "bandits suppressing"movement was in full swing.in order to wupport this movement,the deputies to the People's Congress from all walks of life of Dading County in guizhou Province(tody' Dafang county)selected Shanxi opera Hatred of the poor to adapt......
  Getting into ancient Town Qingyan in Guizhou Province,you'll feel excited for seeing the civilian buildings of Ming Qing dynasties scattering in a peaceful environment.Every tree and bush,each mount and river make you feel as if you were at your home.
 
   Miao nationality has a long history.The legend goes that the people are the descendents of the third son of Chiyou - the enemy of Han people's forefather Huangdi(Yellow Emperor).Chiyou was defeated in a decisive battle and withdrew of the mountainous and woody area,leaving their hometown - a fertile and level plain......
   Every year on march 15th of Lunar calendar, sisters, relatives, and young boys and girls stay together. This is the oldest festival, the married women come back to their mothers home singing the sad sister songs-why their parents asked them to marry out, not their brothers. This is the youngest festival, the young boys and girls choose their lovers freely on the day......
  In Xixiu District of Anshun as well as Pingba County and Zhenning County there reside more than 200000special Han people.Here,We can trace many Han folk customs that disappeared elsewhere long ago and here we can trace Han cultures of the medieval times unfamiliar to us today.It is here that we can experience the military soul of the Ming Empire 600years ago as well as the ancient militaryoutpostsbuilt with stone 600 years ago.
  The batik is a craft with the flowers dyed in cloth. The forefathers of Miao,Yao,Buyi ethnic group etc. in the southwest region had already grasped the technique of the batik in Qin and Han Dynasty. According to many recordations , the batik has different name because of produced in different minority district, for example called "Yao Speckle Cloth" in Miao and Yao district......
  Located in bouyei-mao Autonomous County of Zhenning, Anshun City, Guizhou Province, the 74m-high and 81m-wide Huangguoshu waterfall ranks number one in China in terms of overall strength and represents the only world-class waterfall in China. Since ancient times, its incomparable reputation has won admiration from many people, including learned men, poets, photographers, tourists and roamers......
Climate
Because of its high altitude and a relatively low latitude which means it is influenced by southeasterly monsoons, the climate in Guizhou varies greatly in different regions. Generally, however, the weather is mild and humid. Abundant moisture makes chilly temperatures and severe heat rather rare. With an average air temperature of 5.2≧ in January and 24.3≧ in July, Guizhou is an ideal summer resort. Travellers may need to wear a thin sweater in the spring and autumn. For the summer, a linen shirt is enough while for winter, a sweater and a coat is necessary
Geography
Guizhou is a mountainous province. It covers an area of 176,100 square kilometres, or 1.8 per cent of China's territory. The province is more than 1,000 metres above sea level, adding to its rich mountainous topography. Indeed, as much as 92.5 % of the province's total area is characterized by mountains with its world-famous karst rock formations of special appeal
Location
Guizhou Province, called Qian or Gui for short, is located in the eastern part of Southwest China's Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau, with Hunan Province to its east, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region to the south, Yunnan Province to the west, and Sichuan Province and Chongqing Municipality to the north. As the beating heart of Southwest China, it is an important communications hub for the region as a whole
Language
Guizhou people speak a local dialect. Different from dialects in many other regions, Guizhou dialect, which belongs to the North language family, is easy to understand if you know Putonghua. Each character is pronounced in the same way as it is pronounced in Putonghua. The only difference lies in the tone. There are English road signs, but most residents don't speak English. So a foreign traveller may need an interpreter. Another solution is to carry a card written down with your destination in Chinese. Although each minority groups have their own languages, most urban residents can speak Putonghua
Geography
Guizhou is a mountainous province. It covers an area of 176,100 square kilometres, or 1.8 per cent of China's territory. The province is more than 1,000 metres above sea level, adding to its rich mountainous topography. Indeed, as much as 92.5 % of the province's total area is characterized by mountains with its world-famous karst rock formations of special appeal
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